CARNATION is a flowering plant, Dianthus caryophyllus, of the pink family (Caryophyllaceae). It usually grows from 2 to 3 feet high. The leaves are slender and grass like, and the blossoms are fairly large. They have toothed edges and a rich, spicy fragrance.
The carnation is native to southern Europe. The original flower was white, but a variety of color forms have been developed; flakes have stripes of one color; bizarres are striped with two or three colors; picotees have a narrow band of color along the edge of the petals; and fancies are mottled or spotted. In England and other countries where the climate is suitable, the carnation is grown outdoors as a border flower. This form is harder and more fragrant than the greenhouse carnation. The border carnation is seldom grown in the United States because it requires cool summers and mild winters.